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    The wind that sweeps an endless space. Where the train tracks meet, the sun falls on the horizon, with the silence of the afternoon. The p...


    Until recently, the Black Remolinera (Cinclodes antarcticus) was considered as a species that inhabited the Falkland Islands, Tierra del Fu...


    As in previous years, during the next 2014 Summer months, on Saturdays (from January 4th to March 1st, and this Summer will also include Mar...


    The "Cañadón de Profundidad", located about 30 kilometers from the capital of the province of Misiones, the city of Posadas, P...


    The ruins of Quilmes can be reached from Cafayate (Salta) or from Tafi del Valle (Tucumán). This location is just stunning, unique and ma...


    Lihué Calel means ‘mountain range of life’ in the Araucano tongue and it is the name of the mountain range system located in the center-sout...


    Argentine Patagonia is for the most part a region of steppelike plains, rising in a succession of 13 abrupt terraces about 100 metres (330 f...


    Buenos Aires is renowned for its vibrant street art culture, with both Fodor's and the Huffington Post listing it as one of the top cit...


    The Andes mountain range shows its beauty in the Patagonian provinces. Millennial silent forests with native vegetable species are extended ...


    The avifauna of Argentina include a total of 1026 species, of which 19 are endemic, 7 have been introduced by humans, and 70 are rare or ac...

  • Until recently, the Black Remolinera (Cinclodes antarcticus) was considered as a species that inhabited the Falkland Islands, Tierra del Fuego and adjacent Argentine islands, Cape Horn and Fuegian islands of Chile, with two distinct subspecies.

    • C. a. antarcticus for Islas Malvinas and 
    • C. a. maculirostris for Tierra del Fuego, islands and islets of the Beagle Channel and Island of the States of Argentina and south of the Beagle Channel to Cape Horn including the Wollaston archipelago, and the Fueguian islands of Chile.



    The black remolinera is between 18 and 23 cm long. In both sexes the plumage is predominantly dark brown. Your throat is slightly lighter with some cream specks. It has a tenuous superciliary list and a diffuse reddish band on its wings. Its beak is quite long, robust and slightly curved downwards with a yellow point at its base (which does not appear in the Malvinas variety).

    Practically nothing is known about the reproduction of the Black Remolinera.
    It is assumed that most aspects of the life of this species are presumably similar to those of the Malvinera Remolinera.


    In Rio Grande, Tierra del Fuego and Chile reproduce in inaccessible places and deep cracks of the rocky coast.

    Its diet consists mainly of small invertebrates but also consumes regurgitated fish that gets in the colonies of seabirds, some waste from the surroundings of human settlements and bits of carrion. It usually searches for its food among the algae washed up to the coast and the edge of the waters.
    At present, the Black Whirlpool (C. maculirostris) is considered a separate species of Malvinera Remolinera (C. antarcticus) for deferring in its blackest coloration, lack of rufo on the wing, yellow base of the beak, shorter beak and tail longer, being this monotypic and inhabiting rocky coasts, especially in the vicinity of colonies of mammals and seabirds.


    Length: 19-20 cm
    Birds of Argentina of stable or accidental presence in danger: the Black Remolinera.Click to Tweet
    The adult of the nominate race has uniformly dark sooty brown plumage, except the slightly paler throat and some dull rufous on bases of flight feathers.

    The bill is blackish. The eyes are dark brown. Legs and feet are blackish.

    Both sexes are similar and the juvenile resembles adults.
    Blackish Cinclodes (Cinclodes antarcticus)

    Behaviour in the wild.

    The Blackish Cinclodes feeds mainly on invertebrates such as arthropods, marine invertebrates, Diptera and their larvae, and Orthoptera.

    This species is more omnivorous in Falklands were it forages among the floating rotting kelps or in tussac grass. It feeds on cracked eggs of Spheniscidae, and also takes regurgitated food and excreta from seals and seabirds.
    Read also: The Lihue Calel Nature Reserve is an authentic oasis that holds many surprises in terms of fauna.
    It forages alone or in pairs, gleaning food on beaches. It probes in kelp debris to reach invertebrates. It may leap upwards to catch flies from the air.
    Carcass Island - Falkland islands 2011
Isla del Rosario - Islas Malvinas 2011

    Reproduction oh this species.

    The breeding season takes place during the austral spring/summer.

    In Falkland Islands, eggs are recorded in October, and a second brood may occur in December.
    The Blackish Cinclodes nests in tunnel in a bank facing the sea, or in hole or rock crevice in rocky coasts, in boulders or old building, a hole in a log, an old burrow abandoned by other bird species, or under dense vegetation.

    The nest is at the end of the tunnel. The nest-chamber is lined with dried grass, root fibres and feathers. Other materials can be added through the nesting period.

    The female lays 2-3 eggs and the incubation lasts two weeks. The chicks are fed by both parents and fledge about 25 days after hatching.

    This species can produce two broods per season.


    Conservation status

    Near Threatened (IUCN 3.1)
    The wind that sweeps an endless space. Where the train tracks meet, the sun falls on the horizon, with the silence of the afternoon.

    The peoples of the South Region have the magic of a time without hurry, where the force of Nature dominates life.

    The train is much more than a transport from the mountain range to the sea, it is a union between these peoples, being also a mystical journey into the past, full of stories, memories and mystery.
    The vegetation of the steppe consists mainly of two types of plants.

    The patagonian steppe.

    The vegetation of the steppe consists mainly of two types of plants: low bushes, small leaves and in many cases thorns and grasslands or coironales of the Stipa and Festuca genera.
    The patagonian steppe is a mystical journey into the past, full of stories, memories and mystery.Click to Tweet
    It is estimated that 45% of the surface of the steppe is formed by arid steppes of shrubs, another 20% by grasslands of coirones, 30% by the combination of shrubs and grasslands and the remaining 5% by bodies of water (rivers and lakes), mallines and vegas.


    More than 100 species of birds inhabit the Patagonian steppe, this without counting the birds of aquatic environments.
    It is estimated that 45% of the surface of the steppe is formed by arid steppes of shrubs.


    Probably the most representative and easy to recognize is the choique or ñandú petiso (Rhea pennata), a large and non-flying bird that belongs to the group of ratites, birds with long and strong legs and that lost their ability to fly, so that lack the sternum in the form of keel characteristic of flying birds.
    Read also: El Bolson: magic city, Patagonian paradise of myths and utopias.
    It is a very old group with origin in the supercontinent Gondwana.

    To this same group belongs the ostrich in Africa and the emu in Australia.
    Due to the shortage of pastures, the guanaco is displacing the sheep in Patagonia.
    Lihué Calel means ‘mountain range of life’ in the Araucano tongue and it is the name of the mountain range system located in the center-south of the Province of La Pampa, on National Route 152, 120 kilometers southwest of General Acha and 220 kilometers from Santa Rosa.

    Created in 1977, in comprises an area of 10,934 hectares, with a maximum elevation of 590 meters. The hills are rocky volcanic formations of Precambrian origin that may be visited through authorized paths.

    Though rainfalls are scarce, the mountain range encourages the accumulation of water and thus there is plentiful wildlife in the area.

    Logo Lihue Calel Nature Reserve.

    The area.

    The area was invaded by wild boar and red deer, which altered the ecosystem in spite of the controls
    carried out by the National Parks Administration.

    It is logical that this is the case, because water is more abundant than in the surrounding areas and the mountain ranges offer a very favorable habitat for vertebrates and invertebrates.

    The abundance of the flora generates wealth of fauna, and both resources benefit from the microclimate of the Park.

    The felines.

    The felines, especially the puma (Puma concolor), find refuge in the park because poaching in the surrounding fields is practiced assiduously.

    Together with the puma, three wild cats show off their agility and excellence: the Moor or Yaguarundi (Herpailurus yaguarondi), the Pajonal (Lynchailurus pajeros) and the Wild (Oncifelis geoffroyi).
    Read also: Utracán Lagoon is one of the most important centers of tourism mini pampas.

    Other species.

    Lihué Calel has species that are only present in this protected area within the national system.
    This is the case of the Lesser Pichiciego (Chlamyphorus truncatus), the Patagonian weasel (MaraLestodelphys halli), the varied straw-colored mouse (Akodon molinae) and the Pampa digger mouse (Necromys obscurus).

    In a special situation you would find the rat vizcacha salinera (Tympanoctomys barrerae) that could be found in Lihué Calel, although this requires confirmation. Its presence is likely in the recently annexed area of ​​Salitral Levalle.

    It is remarkable the presence of the small skunk (Conepatus castaneus) only present in this Park and in the Sierra de las Quijadas.

    Two foxes, the small gray (Dusicyon griseus) and the gray pampeano (Dusicyon gymnocercus) are in the area together with the smaller ferret (Galictis cuja).
    Small Gray -  Zorro Gris - (Dusicyon griseus).

    The guanaco (Lama guanicoe) has found an excellent refuge in these mountains, given that its population increased when compared to what was at the time of creation of the Park. The mara (Dolichotis patagonum) is rare but its presence in the Park can be confirmed.
    Guanaco (Lama guanicoe) 

    Several species of mice, bats (little studied) and the vizcacha (Lagostomus maximus) Guanaco on alert complete the list of 27 species of mammals of Lihué Calel.
    The Lihue Calel Nature Reserve is an authentic oasis that holds many surprises in terms of fauna.Click to Tweet
    A bird that abounds in La Pampa and that is part of the emblem of the National Park Lihué Calel is the Cock coquetón (Rhinocrypta lanceolata).

    It is logical that he can be seen walking or doing short runs in clear areas or roads, but much more common is to hear them vocalize among the thorny bushes or in the few trees.
     Gallito Copetón . (Rhinocrypta lanceolata)

    It is not an easy bird to photograph, it always tries to hide, but there are so many and with some perseverance some specimens give photographers some snapshots.
    Churrinche (Pyrocephalus rubinus).

    This copy was quite close and are the best I could take last November 7 on my last visit to the park.

    Perdiz Copetona or Martineta (Rhynchotus rufescens).
    Curutié (Certhiaxis cinnamomeus).

    Calandria mora (Mimus patagonicus).

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    The residents of Buenos Aires are colloquially known as Portenos, which literally means 'of the port'. Buenos Aires being a port city, it had attracted migrants from around the world, especially during mid 19th century when its population tripled.

    Most residents are European descendants. Buenos Aires has the largest Jewish community in Latin America and a significant number of Asian immigrants from China. Portenos are largely Catholic, but a minority of them practice other faith too.

    With such a diverse ethnic community, Buenos Aires is home to many other religions like Buddhism, Islam, Judaism and more. Portenos are not unfriendly, just very busy people like locals of any metropolitan.
    The famous argentine asado.

    Buenos Aires is its people.

    hey may take some time to open up, but when they do they are welcoming and hospitable.

    Who we are.

    We are “porteños,” the people of the port. We have immigrant blood, we are passionate, we give big embraces and we always greet with a kiss.
    Buenos Aires is its people, come to discover why we call Buenos Aires “the city of many passions.”.Click to Tweet
    Our tables are always crowded with friends, uncles and aunts, cousins, children, brothers and sisters, and we talk – perhaps sometimes argue – for hours. We express our emotions with enviable ease.

    We are made of contrasts: between popular culture and sophisticated Culture, between the traditional and the modern, between old religions and modern idols, and our city is full of life and intensity, enriched with stories that are shared and entwined.

    Here, we bump into each other in the street then sit for hours over a coffee. Here, we look each other in the eye. Here, the night is a new day, and the city lights up with its hundreds of theatres and thousands of restaurants and bars.

    We don’t speak Spanish.

    We don’t speak Spanish; we speak porteño, our own unique dialect that is part of the city’s identity.

    Here, the taxi drivers are poets and philosophers. Here, a football match is a spectacle everyone must experience at least once.

    Here, we'll introduce you to tango and dulce de leche. And we want to meet you, and get to know you. Because here we don’t receive tourists; we make friends.
    Read also: Buenos Aires Street Art, discover the best murals in the city.
    You may find us a little noisy, but, above all, you’ll find us to be authentic. And here in Buenos Aires, you can be sure about one thing: you'll feel part of the city.

    And when you depart, you’ll leave your mark and take something of us with you.

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